- 1 in 4 women will experience domestic violence in
- 1 in 5 high school girls reports being physically
assaulted and/or sexually abused by a dating partner
- 1 in 6 women and 1 in 33 men will be sexually
assaulted in their lifetime
According to the FBI, a woman is beaten in this country
every 15 seconds.
- Each year, intimate partner violence results in an
estimated 1,200 deaths and 2 million injuries among
women and nearly 600,000 injuries among men.
- Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to
women ages 15-44 in the United States - more than car
accidents, muggings and rapes combined.
- Almost one-third of female homicide victims that are
reported in police records are killed by an intimate
- Witnessing violence between one’s parents or
caretakers is the strongest risk factor of transmitting
violent behavior from one generation to the next.
- Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as
likely to abuse their own partners and children as
- 50% of girls who grow up in an
abusive home will go on to be victims of abuse
- Domestic violence is the leading
predictor of child abuse - 30 to 60 percent of
perpetrators of intimate partner violence also abuse
children in the household.
- Family violence costs the nation from $5 to $10
billion annually in medical expense, police and court
costs, shelters and foster care, sick leave, absenteeism
- The annual cost of lost productivity due to domestic
violence is estimated as $727.8 million, with more than
7.9 million paid workdays lost each year.
- Every year domestic violence results in almost
100,000 days of hospitalization, almost 30,000 emergency
room visits, and almost 40,000 visits to a physician
according to WomenKind Inc.
- 17.7 million American women have been victims of
attempted or completed rape.
- 60 percent of sexual assaults are not reported to
- College age women are four times more likely to be
- 15 percent of sexual assault and rape victims are
under age 12.
- Victims of sexual assault are 13 times more likely
to abuse alcohol, 26 times more likely to abuse drugs
and four times more likely to contemplate suicide.
- More than 50% of all sexual assaults involved
acquaintances or friends. A close person friend, family
member, or family friend is the offender in 14% of cases
- In 71% of sexual assaults, the offender made a plan
to sexually assault a person or a specific person. The
offender often takes advantage of a person in a
- 90% of all sexual assaults involve threats of
physical harm or the actual use of physical force.
Abuse in Texas
- In 2006, there were nearly 187,000 incidents of
family violence in Texas.
- 120 Texas women were killed by their intimate
partner in 2006.
- More than 226,000 children and 104,000 adults become
victims of sexual assault every year in Texas.
- Statewide 12,000 adults and 17,000 children received
shelter from abuse in 2006.
- According to a 2002 study from the Texas Council on
Family Violence, 74 percent of all Texans have either
experienced family violence themselves or have a family
member or friend who has experienced family violence.
Definitions of Domestic Violence
"Family Violence" is defined in
the Texas Family Code (Section 71.004) as (1) An
act by a member of a family or household against another
member of the family or household that is intended to result
in physical harm, bodily injury, assault or sexual assault
or that is a threat the reasonably places the member in fear
of imminent physical harm, bodily injury, assault or sexual
assault, but does not included defensive measures to protect
oneself; (2) Abuse by a member of a family or household
toward a child of the family or household; or (3) Dating
violence as defined by Section 71.0021.
"Dating Violence" is defined in
the Texas Family Code (Section 71.0021) as (a)
"Dating violence" means an act by an individual that is
against another individual with whom that person has or has
had a dating relationship and that is intended to result in
physical harm, bodily injury, assault or sexual assault or
that is a threat that reasonably places the individual in
fear of imminent physical harm, bodily injury, assault or
sexual assault, but does not include defensive measures to
protect oneself. (b) For the purposes of this title, "dating
relationship" means a relationship between individuals who
have or have had a continuing relationship of a romantic or
intimate nature. The existence of such a relationship shall
be determined based on consideration of: 1. the length of
the relationship; 2. the nature of the relationship; and 3.
the frequency and type of interaction between the persons
involved in the relationship. (c) A casual acquaintanceship
or ordinary fraternization in a business or social context
does not constitute a "dating relationship" under Subsection
The Texas Council on Family
Violence defines "battering" as a pattern of
coercive control that one person exercises over another.
Battering is a behavior that physically harm, arouses fear,
prevents a woman from doing what she wishes or forces her to
behave in ways she does not want. Battering includes the use
of physical and sexual violence, threats and intimidation,
emotional abuse, and economic deprivation.
National Expert on Family
Violence, Barbara Hart, defines Domestic Violence
as, "Domestic violence involves a continuum of behaviors
ranging from degrading remarks to cruel jokes, economic
exploitation, punches and kicks, false imprisonment, sexual
abuse, suffocating actions, maiming assaults, and homicide.
Unchecked, domestic violence usually increases in frequency
and severity. Many victims suffer all forms of abuse. Verbal
and emotional abuse may be subtler than physical harm, but
this does not mean that it is less destructive to victims.
Many have said that the emotional scars take much longer to
heal than the broken bones."
Definitions of Sexual Assault
According to the Texas
Association Against Sexual Assault, "Sexual
assault, or rape, is a violent crime, not a sexual act. The
myth that men who rape women are sexually deprived or
pathological is being dispelled and replaced with the
understanding that rape is more of an act of power and
control than lust."
The Texas Penal Code states that
a sexual assault is without consent if the
perpetrator compels the other person to submit or
participate by the use of physical force or violence or
threatening to use force or violence, the victim has not
consented and the perpetrator knows that the person is
unconscious or physically unable to resist, the perpetrator
knows that the victim is incapable of appraising the nature
of the at or resisting it because of a mental disease or
defect, the victim has not consented and the perpetrator
knows that the victim is unaware that the sexual assault is
occurring, the perpetrator has intentionally impaired the
victim's power to appraise or control their conduct by
administering any substance without the victim's knowledge,
the perpetrator threatens to use force or violence against
another individual to compel the victim to submit or
participate, the perpetrator is a public servant who coerces
the victim to submit or participate, the perpetrator is a
mental health services provider or health care services
provider who causes a patient or former patient to submit or
participate by exploiting their emotional dependency or the
provider, the perpetrator is a clergyman who exploits the
victim's emotional dependency on the clergyman in their
professional character as spiritual advisor, or the
perpetrator is an employee of a facility where the victim is
The Texas Penal Codes adds that
the offense becomes an aggravated sexual assault if
the person causes serious bodily injury or attempts to cause
the death of the victim or another person in the course of
the same criminal episode; by acts or words places the
victim in fear that death, serious bodily injury or
kidnapping will be imminently inflected on any person; the
acts or words occurring in the presence of the victim
threatens to cause the death, serious bodily injury or
kidnapping of any person; uses or exhibits a deadly weapon
in the course of the same criminal episode; acts in concert
with another who engages in an aggravated sexual assault
directed toward the same victim and occurring during the
course of the same criminal episode; administers or provides
flunitrazepam (rohypnol), gamma hydroxybutyrate or ketamine
to the victim of the offense with the intent of facilitating
the commission of the offense; the victim is younger than 14
years of age; or the victim is an elderly individual or a